Error "Invalid show data table ID" occurs when trying to view data source which has been published to Tableau Server using a different version of Tableau Desktop. For example:
1. Open Tableau Desktop 2020.2.0
2. Sign into Tableau Server 2019.4.3
3. Connect to one published data source.
4. Under data source pane, click the icon 'View data source', the following error might occur:
"Fail to load data.
Invalid show data table ID"